Characteristic of addictive disorders adolescent behavior who use psychoactive substances. Algorithm providing health and social care

Keywords: psychoactive substances, clinical and psychopathological features, neuropsychological instability, character accentuations, emotional, excitable, hysterical, conformity, behavioral reactions in adolescence, protest, grouping, emancipation


Background. The problem of substance use among the population of different countries, and also in Ukraine, is one of the most significant among the leading medical and social issues of our time. It is characterized by a number of socio-economic features and related changes in the psychological climate among the population. Particularly seriously, these phenomena destroy still unformed personality of adolescents and young people.

Objective – to develop new approaches to the prevention of addictive conditions of adolescents who use psychoactive substances through early diagnosis and timely medical and social care.

Methods. The research methods were a unified map, a system of AUDIT-like tests to identify the characteristics of the use of psychoactive substances by adolescents, methods for determining personality and character accentuations, anxiety, depression and others.

Results. Among the total number of respondents who use psychoactive substances (1374 people (91,6%)) the largest one was the group of people who used alcohol-containing substances – 92,3%. Mostly these were drinks with low alcohol content (beer, various low-alcohol, tonic drinks, fashionable in the modern youth environment), but were consumed systematically in large doses. Most adolescents when taking various psychoactive substances are mainly in the area of “safe use” (1-7 points) or “dangerous use” (8-15 points), but without harmful effects or states of dependence. However, with the most common types of psychoactive substances (alcoholic beverages, tobacco), some respondents switched to more severe forms of substance use, namely: “with harmful effects” or “dependent conditions”. According to the study, with smoking, the above transition is more intense. Among other psychoactive substances, the level of “harmful effects” is more often observed with the use of psychostimulants – 15,4% and 5,5%; respectively opiates (opioids) – 9,3%; cannabinoids – 5,6%.

Conclusions. The research revealed certain characteristics of psychoactive substances of adolescence, which can be detected using AUDIT tests, which allow to obtain a description of the degree of use of psychoactive substances, assessment of pathopsychological and clinical-psychopathological features of certain prognosis for the future. The predisposing factor for the use of psychoactive substances is neuropsychological instability, accentuation of character (emotional, excitable, steroid, conformity and other types); peculiarity of behavioral reactions of adolescence (protest, grouping, emancipation, etc.) and other features of teenagers.


1. Deminda, Е., & Mercer, J. V. (2001). Individual'noe konsul'tirovanie narkozavisimyh [Individual counseling for drug addicts]. Odessa. 228 p. [in Russian].
2. Linskiy, I. V., Minko, A.I., & Artemchuk, A.F. (2009). Metod kompleksnoj ocenki addiktivnogo statusa individa i populjacii s pomoshh'ju sistemy AUDIT-podobnyh testov [A method for comprehensive assessment of the addictive status of the individual and a population using an AUDIT-like test system]. Visn. psykhiatrii ta psykhofarmakoterapii [Bulletin of psychiatry and psychopharmacotherapy]. № 2 (16). pp. 56-70. [in Ukrainian].
3. Pro zatverdzhennia Zahalnoderzhavnoi prohramy «Zdorovia-2020: ukrainskyi vymir». Proekt Zakonu Ukrainy (2020). [About the statement of the National program “Health-2020: the Ukrainian dimension”. Draft Law of Ukraine]. URL: [in Ukrainian].
4. Pro skhvalennia Kontseptsii realizatsii derzhavnoi polityky u sferi protydii poshyrenniu narkomanii, borotby z nezakonnym obihom narkotychnykh zasobiv, psykhotropnykhrechovyn ta prekursoriv na 2011-2015 roky. Rozporiadzhennia kabinetu ministriv Ukrainy vid 13.09.2010 r. № 1808-r (2010). [On approval of the Concept for the implementation of state policy in the field of combating the spread of drug addiction, combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors for 2011-2015. Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated by 13.09.2010 № 1808]. Government courier № 175 dated in September 22, 2010 [in Ukrainian].
5. Karvasarskyi, B. D. (2000). Psihoterapija [Psychotherapy]. St. Petersburg: Piter. 544 p. [in Russian].
6. Mendelevich, V. D. (2007). Rukovodstvo po addiktologii [Addictology Guide]. St. Petersburg: Speech. 768 p. [in Russian].
7. Svyadosh, А. М. (2000). Psihoterapija: posobie dlja vrachej [Psychotherapy: a guide for doctors]. St. Petersburg: Piter. 288 p. [in Russian].
8. Sidorov, P. I. (2005). Narkologicheskaja preventologija [Narcological preventology]. Мoscow: Geniusb. 796 p. [in Russian].
9. Sirota, N. А., & Yaltonskii, V. A. (2008). Jeffektivnye programmy profilaktiki zavisimosti ot narkotikov i drugih psihoaktivnyh veshhestv [Effective drug and substance abuse prevention programs]. Voprosy narkologii [Addiction issues]. №3. pp. 93-104. [in Russian].
10. Sosin, I. К., & Chuev, Yu. F. (2010). O narkologicheskoj situacii v Ukraine [About the narcological situation in Ukraine]. Ukrains’kyi visnyk psykhonevrolohii, 18(3), 174. [in Russian].
11. Livanov, G. A., Kalmanson, M. L., Tikhomirov, S. M., & Sofronov, A. G. (2003). Standarty narkologicheskoj pomoshhi: posobie dlja vrachej [Drug Treatment Standards: A Guide for Physicians]. Saint Petersburg. 96 p. [in Russian].
12. Yaltonskii, V. A. (2008). Profilaktika addiktivnogo povedenija: problema, trebujushhaja obsuzhdenija i reshenija [Prevention of addictive behavior: a problem requiring discussion and resolution]. Addiktivnoe povedenie: profilaktika i reabilitacija [Addictive Behavior: Prevention and Rehabilitation]. pp. 45-48. [in Russian].
13. Lobjoie, C., & Pёlissolo, A. (2012). Efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral group therapy in patients with fear of blushing. Encephale, 38(4), 345-350.
14. Robertson, E. B., David, S. L., & Rao, S. A. (2003). Preventing drug use among children and adolescents. A research- based guide for parents, educators, and community leaders. NIDA, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. U.S. Department of Heals and human service National Institutes of Hels. 49 p.
How to Cite
Tabachnikov, S. I., Kharchenko, Y. M., Sinitska, T. V., Chepurna, A. M., Kioseva, O. V., & Voronina, O. V. (2015). Characteristic of addictive disorders adolescent behavior who use psychoactive substances. Algorithm providing health and social care. Archives of Psychiatry, 21(1), 101-105.

Most read articles by the same author(s)